The FICHL Policy Brief Series

The FICHL Policy Brief Series contains short texts with a clear policy orientation. The Co-Editors of the Series are Dr. Christopher Mahony and Professor Morten Bergsmo. Unsolicited texts are subjected to confidential and anonymous peer review. Each policy brief has a distinct ISBN and is included in the ICC Legal Tools Database. The URL of each brief in the Series is persistent and will not change (‘PURL’). The announcement of new issues in the Series normally reaches more than 40,000 institutions and individuals around the world.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 86 (2017):

Morten Bergsmo, Wolfgang Kaleck, Sam Muller and William H. Wiley:
A Prosecutor Falls, Time for the Court to Rise
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 22 November 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-073-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/86-four-directors/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 84 (2017):

Saman Sabeti:
Iran's Systemic Denial of Access to Higher Education
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 12 November 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-069-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/84-sabeti/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 83 (2017):

Thomas Obel Hansen:
Policy Choices, Dilemmas and Risks in the ICC's Iraq-UK Preliminary Examination
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 8 November 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-070-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/83-obel-hansen/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 82 (2017):

Marc Perrin de Brichambaut:
Chinese-European Co-operation in Developing the International Legal Order
中国与欧洲在发展国际法律秩序中的合作
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 19 May 2017.
ISBN English: 978-82-8348-067-2.
ISBN Chinese: 978-82-8348-068-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/82-brichambaut/.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/82-brichambaut-cn/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 81 (2017):

Narinder Singh:
The United Nations’ Efforts at Combatting International Terrorism
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 22 May 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-066-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/81-singh/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 80 (2017):

Hanne Sophie Greve:
Ubi Ius Ibi Remedium
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 13 May 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-065-8.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/80-greve/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 79 (2017):

Birju Kotecha:
The Complexity of Reconciliation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 25 March 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-064-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/79-kotecha/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 78 (2017):

Rachel Kerr:
The ‘Art’ of Reconciliation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 9 May 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-063-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/78-kerr/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 77 (2017):

Kjersti Lohne:
Advocates of Humanity: Human Rights NGOs in International Criminal Justice
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 22 May 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-062-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/77-lohne/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 76 (2017):

CHAO Yi:
The Applicability of the Internal Relocation Principle to Cessation of Refugee Status:
The Surrogate Nature of International Refugee Protection

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2017
Published on 25 March 2017.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-061-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/76-chao/.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 75 (2016):

Philip Allott:
How to Make a Better World: Human Power and Human Weakness
[In Arabic]
[In Chinese]

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 24 October 2016. 
ISBN English: 978-82-8348-060-3.
ISBN Arabic: 978-82-8348-063-4.
ISBN Chinese: 978-82-8348-064-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/75-allott.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/75-allott-arabic.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/75-allott-chinese.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 74 (2016):

Mutoy Mubiala:
Regional v. Universal Jurisdiction in Africa: The Habré Case
Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 16 November 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-059-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/74-mubiala.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 73 (2016):

Melody Mirzaagha:
Striving Towards a Just and Sustainable Peace: The Role of Reconciliation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 29 August 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-058-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/73-mirzaagha.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 72 (2016):

QIAO Cong-rui:
On Discrepancy and Synergy Between China and the International Criminal Court
Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 16 November 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-061-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/72-qiao.
 

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 71 (2016):

NG Pei Yi:
Development in International Criminal Law Open Access Tools: Increasing Public Education and Engagement
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 29 August 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-057-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/71-ng.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 70 (2016):

Salim A. Nakhjavani:
Constitutional Coherence and the Legal Status of the Bahá'í Community of Iran
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 16 November 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-062-7.  
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/70-nakhjavani.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 69 (2016):

DENG Hua:
International Human Rights Law and the Advancement of the Right to a Fair Trial in China
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 29 August 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-048-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/69-deng.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 68 (2016):

LIU Renxiang:
Two Types of ‘Dignity’ and Their Role in International Human Rights
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-047-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/68-liu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 67 (2016):

TIAN Qing:
On Two Approaches to Communication of Evidence to the Pre-Trial Chamber
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-046-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/67-tian.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 66 (2016):

Christoph Sperfeldt and Emma Palmer:
(Not) All Roads Lead to Rome: Ending Impunity for International Crimes in Southeast Asia
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-045-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/66-sperfeldt-palmer.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 65 (2016):

FAN Yuwen:
Revisiting ECtHR Interpretation of the ECHR: Living Up to a Living Instrument
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/65-fan.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 64 (2016):

Devasheesh Bais and Vinamra Kopariha:
Human Rights Litigation before Indian Courts as an Example and Resource for other
Asian States

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-043-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/64-bais-kopariha.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 63 (2016):

ZHANG Kangle:
Using Trial Judgment to Heal: On Crimes Committed by Japanese Forces in China
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-042-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/63-zhang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 62 (2016):

SUN Yi:
The Role of International Human Rights Law in the Professionalization of Public Administration: The Right to a Fair Trial
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-041-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/62-sun.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 61 (2016):

YANG Ken:
Prudence without Collateral Damage: China and International Criminal Justice
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-040-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/61-yang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 60 (2016):

A. Elena Ursu:
No Place to Hide: Why China Will Ratify the Rome Statute
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-039-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/60-ursu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 59 (2016):

Sangkul Kim:
Rethinking the ‘Crime of Mens Rea’
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-038-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/59-kim.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 58 (2016):

Chris Mahony:
International Criminal Justice Case Selection Independence: An ICJ Barometer
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-037-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/58-mahony.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 57 (2016):

BAI Guimei:
Development of Chinese Women's NGOs since the 1995 World Women's Conference
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-036-8.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/57-bai.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 56 (2016):

Marshet Tadesse Tessema and Marlen Vesper-Gräske:
Africa, the African Union and the International Criminal Court: Irreparable Fissures?
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-035-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/56-tadesse-graeske.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 55 (2016):

GUO Jing:
On the Future of Regulation 55
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-034-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/55-guo.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 54 (2016):

Devasheesh Bais:
India and the International Criminal Court
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-033-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/54-bais.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 53 (2016):

Pooja Bakshi:
Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones and State Responses in India
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-032-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/53-bakshi.

FICHL Policy Brief No. 52 (2016):

Shikha Chhibbar:
Sexual Violence in Private Space: Marital Rape in India
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-031-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/52-chhibbar.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 51 (2016):

Usha Tandon and Sidharth Luthra:
Rape: Violation of the Chastity or Dignity of Woman? A Feminist Critique of Indian Law
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 27 June 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-030-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/51-tandon-luthra.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 50 (2016):

GONG Renren:
On Human Rights and Traditional Culture
[In Chinese]

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN English: 978-82-8348-029-0.
ISBN Chinese: 978-82-8348-050-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/50-gong.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/50-gong-chinese.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 49 (2016):

Gunnar M. Ekeløve-Slydal:
ICTY Shifts Have Made Its Credibility Quake
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-028-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/49-slydal.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 48 (2016):

Julija Bogoeva:
International Judges and Government Interests: The Case of President Meron
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-027-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/48-bogoeva.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 47 (2016):

Frederik Harhoff:
Mystery Lane: A Note on Independence and Impartiality in International Criminal Trials
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-026-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/47-harhoff.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 46 (2015):

CHAO Yi:
The Role of International Criminal Law in the Global Legal Order
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 31 August 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-021-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/46-chao.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 44 (2016):

Eloi Urwodhi and M. Nengowe Amundala:
Challenges in the Repression of Core International Crimes in the DRC
Les défis de la répression des crimes internationaux en R. D. Congo

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2016
Published on 8 April 2016.
ISBN English: 978-82-8348-018-4.
ISBN French: 978-82-8348-050-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/44-urwodhi-amundala.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/44-urwodhi-amundala-french.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 43 (2015):

Hernán Garza Villarreal:
National Mechanisms to Document Victims of Human Rights Violations in Mexico
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 21 July 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-013-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/43-villarreal.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 42 (2015):

Julija Bogoeva:
Prosecuting War Criminals as the Basis for Reconciliation Policy
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 30 June 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-012-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/42-bogoeva.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 41 (2015):

Eugène Bakama Bope:
The ICC and Reconciliation in the DRC
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 30 June 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-011-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/41-bope.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 40 (2015):

Olga Kavran:
Public Proceedings, Outreach and Reconciliation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 30 June 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-010-8.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/40-kavran.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 39 (2015):

Gabriella Citroni:
Enforced Disappearance in Mexico: Between Progress and Remaining Challenges
La Desaparición Forzada en México: Entre Avances y Retos Pendientes
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN English: 978-82-8348-008-5.
ISBN Spanish: 978-82-8348-009-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/39-citroni.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/39-citroni-spanish.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 38 (2015):

Marina Aksenova and Morten Bergsmo:
Defining the Purposes, Mandates and Outcomes of Fact-Finding Commissions Beyond International Criminal Justice
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-007-8.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/38-aksenova-bergsmo.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 37 (2015):

Wolfgang Kaleck:
Double Standards in International Criminal Justice: A Long Road Ahead Towards Universal Justice
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-006-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/37-kaleck.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 36 (2015):

Carsten Stahn:
International Criminal Justice and Reconciliation: Beyond the Retributive v. Restorative Divide
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-005-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/36-stahn.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 35 (2015):

William H. Wiley:
Societal Reconciliation, the Rule of Law and the Iraqi High Tribunal
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-004-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/35-wiley.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 34 (2015):

Susan R. Lamb:
Reconciliation v. Accountability: The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-003-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/34-lamb.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 33 (2015):

Chris Mahony:
Sierra Leone: The Justice v. Reconciliation Archetype?
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-002-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/33-mahony.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 32 (2015):

David Re:
The Special Tribunal for Lebanon and National Reconciliation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-001-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/32-re.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 31 (2015):

Mirko Klarin:
The Elusive Reconciliation in the Former Yugoslavia: Role of the ICTY
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 29 May 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-8348-000-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/31-klarin.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 30 (2015):

Erik Møse:
The ICTR and Reconciliation in Rwanda
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2015
Published on 30 June 2015.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-85-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/30-moese.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 29 (2014):

ZHANG Binxin:
Criminal Justice for World War II Atrocities in China
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 13 October 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-36-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/29-zhang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 28 (2014):

ZHU Dan:
Who Politicizes the International Criminal Court?
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 12 October 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-32-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/28-zhu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 27 (2014):

XUE Ru:
China’s Policy Towards the ICC Seen Through the Lens of the UN Security Council
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 12 October 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-30-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/27-xue.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 26 (2014):

ZHANG Xin:
Implementation Discretion and Relevancy of Economic and Social Rights
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2014
Published on 17 July 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-98-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/26-zhang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 25 (2014):

ZHU Feng:
The ICCPR Reporting Procedure in Special Administrative Regions of China: Process, Challenges and Perspectives
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 30 September 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-97-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/25-zhu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 24 (2014):

WANG Ying:
Why Are Chinese Peacekeepers So Disciplined? Towards a Research Agenda
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 12 October 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-99-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/24-wang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 23 (2014):

LIU Yiqiang:
Exploring Peace Through Justice Should Be An Essential Element of China’s Anti-Fascist War Memorialisation
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Brussels, 2014
Published on 12 October 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-34-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/23-liu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 22 (2014):

SHI Bei:
Protecting the Right to Life From Nuclear Weapons
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2014
Published on 17 July 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-94-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/22-shi.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 21 (2014):

CHEN Bo:
‘Dignity’ and the Incomplete Grounding of International Human Rights
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2014
Published on 25 June 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-93-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/21-chen.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 20 (2014):

ZHONG Yuxiang:
Criminal Immunity of State Officials for Core International Crimes Now and in the Future
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2014
Published on 23 June 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-92-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/20-zhong.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 19 (2014):

Julija Bogoeva:
From Lies to Crimes: The Milošević Switch from Communism to Nationalism as State Policy
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Florence, 2014
Published on 10 June 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-91-3.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/19-bogoeva.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 18 (2014):

SONG Tianying:
Conspiracy to Commit Genocide and Its Exclusion from the ICC Statute
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2014
Published on 9 June 2014.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-90-6.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/18-song.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 16 (2013):

Emilie Hunter, Dorothy Estrada-Tanck and María Luisa Piqué:
‘Nunca Más’: Connecting Latin American Approaches to Impunity with Positive Complementarity Using Technology Driven Resources
‘Nunca Más’: Conectando las Posiciones Latinoamericanas Sobre Impunidad con la Complementariedad Positiva Utilizando Recursos Tecnológicos [Spanish version]
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Florence, 2013
Published on 17 July 2013.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-70-8.
ISBN Spanish: 978-82-93081-71-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/16-hunter-tanck-pique.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/16-hunter-tanck-pique-spanish.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 15 (2013):

Emilie Hunter and Alexandre Skander Galand:
‘Arab Spring’ to Accountability: Supporting Criminal Justice for Atrocity in North Africa and the Middle East
[Arabic version]
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Florence, 2013
Published on 17 July 2013.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-68-5.
ISBN Arabic: 978-82-93081-69-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/15-hunter-galand.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/15-hunter-galand-arabic.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 14 (2013):

Morten Bergsmo, Arne Willy Dahl and Richard Sousa:
Military Self-Interest in Accountability for Core International Crimes
L’intérêt propre aux forces armées pour la responsabilité de leurs membres en matière de crimes internationaux fondamentaux [French version]
El Autointerés Militar en la Rendición de Cuentas por Crímenes contra el Derecho Internacional [Spanish version]
[Arabic version
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Stanford, 2013
Published on 17 July 2013.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-74-6.
ISBN Arabic: 978-82-93081-75-3.
ISBN French: 978-82-93081-76-0.
ISBN Spanish: 978-82-93081-77-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/14-bergsmo-dahl-sousa.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/14-bergsmo-dahl-sousa-french.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/14-bergsmo-dahl-sousa-spanish.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/14-bergsmo-dahl-sousa-arabic.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 13 (2013):

XIAO Jingren and ZHANG Xin:
A Realist Perspective on China and the International Criminal Court
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2013
Published on 17 July 2013.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-73-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/13-xiao-zhang.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 12 (2013):

YI Ping:
The Contemporary Relevancy of the ‘Just War’ Concept in the Early Years of International Legal Studies in Japan
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Beijing, 2013
Published on 17 July 2013.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-72-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/12-yi.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 11 (2013):

CHAN James:
Judicial Oversight over Article 12(3) of the ICC Statute
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2013
Published on 24 January 2013.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-65-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/11-chan.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 10 (2013):

Morten Bergsmo, Alf Butenschøn Skre, CHEAH Wui Ling and Elisabeth J. Wood:
Examining Thematic Prosecutions and the Challenges of Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2013
Published on 24 January 2013.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-64-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/10-bergsmo-skre-cheah-wood.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 9 (2012):

Miodrag Majić and Dušan Ignjatović:
Ten Lessons from Serbia’s Experience in War Crimes Issues
Deset smernica zasnovanih na iskustvu Srbije vezanom za pitanja ratnih zločina [Serbian version]
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2012
Published on 19 November 2012.
The Serbian version was made available on 24 January 2013.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-62-3.
ISBN Serbian: 978-82-93081-63-0.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/9-majic-ignjatovic.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/9-majic-ignjatovic-serbian.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 8 (2011):

Morten Bergsmo:
Complementarity and the Challenges of Equality and Empowerment
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 9 December 2011.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-57-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/8-bergsmo.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 7 (2011):

Morten Bergsmo:
Prosecutorial Discretion: Institutional or Professional Reform?
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 4 November 2011.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-54-8.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/7-bergsmo.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 6 (2011):

Morten Bergsmo:
Using Old Evidence in Core International Crimes Cases
[Bengali version]
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 17 October 2011.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-52-4.
ISBN Bengali: 978-82-93081-53-1.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/6-bergsmo.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/6-bergsmo-bengali.

Please note that specialised language support software may be required for the Bengali version to open correctly.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 5 (2011):

Gro Nystuen:
CCW Draft Protocol VI on Cluster Munitions - a Step Backwards
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 18 August 2011.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-48-7.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/5-nystuen.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 4 (2011):

Morten Bergsmo:
International Sex Crimes as a Criminal Justice Theme
Delitos internacionales sexuales como tópico de la justicia penal [Spanish translation]
Crimes Sexuais Internacionais como Tema da Justiça Criminal [Portuguese translation]
Les Crimes Sexuels Internationaux comme Thème de Justice Pénale [French translation]
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
The English version was published on 14 March 2011. The Spanish and Portuguese translations were published on 22 June 2011. The French translation was published on 18 August 2011.
ISBN English: 978-82-93081-45-6.
ISBN Spanish: 978-82-93081-46-3.
ISBN Portuguese: 978-82-93081-47-0.
ISBN French: 978-82-93081-49-4.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/4-bergsmo.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/4-bergsmo-spanish.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/4-bergsmo-portuguese.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/4-bergsmo-french.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 3 (2011):

Morten Bergsmo:
The Autonomy of International Criminal Justice
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 10 February 2011.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-44-9.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/3-bergsmo.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 2 (2011):

Hans-Peter Kaul and LIU Daqun:
Implications of the Criminalisation of Aggression
Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2011
Published on 8 February 2011.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-43-2.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/2-kaul-liu.

FICHL Policy Brief Series No. 1 (2010):

Annika Jones and Alf Butenschøn Skre:
Military v. Civilian Justice for Core International Crimes

Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Oslo, 2010
Published on 9 November 2010.
ISBN: 978-82-93081-42-5.
PURL: http://www.toaep.org/pbs-pdf/1-jones-skre.